DKEC has R&D, engineering design and equipment manufacture bases in New York, Shanghai and Wuxi. We are an international engineering company, offering consulting services, process package Know-how transfer, engineering design, and EPC services in chemical and environmental industries.
Safe Operations with DKEC HAZOP Analysis 

Safety is the highest priority for every project we deliver to our clients. To minimize hazards risk, we conduct HAZOP analysis for new projects during engineering design stage, and for existing facilities modifications.

As a structured and systematic process or system safety examination, HAZOP study is recognized as a widely acceptable risk evaluation methodology, by China Operation Safety Supervision Bureau and U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration, as well as other regulators around the world.

With decades of engineering experiences delivering all kinds of projects, DKEC HAZOP team has developed practical knowledge that we can apply to identify possible hazards and operation issues and figure out their reasons and solutions, in order to reduce your operation risk. Our HAZOP team experts have strong technical knowledge and different background as following:

Project ManagerProduction ManagerChemical EngineerElectrical EngineerInstrument EngineerQuality Control Engineer
1.How long does HAZOP analysis take?
The length of HAZOP analysis depends on the complexity of the process and the number of papers in the flow chart. The process complexity is different, and the time required is also different. The number of PIDs analyzed per day is not more than 10.
2.What information must be collected in preparation for HAZOP analysis?
Process description, process chemistry principle, process hazard description
Process flow description (including basic information such as operating temperature, pressure, flow rate and key equipment control parameters) Operating procedures
Use version of pipeline and instrument flow chart (P&ID), utility pipeline and instrument flow chart (U&ID), process flow chart (PFD)
Process control and interlock control instructions
MSDS of physical properties and hazardous data
Equipment list
Safety evaluation report or previous HAZOP analysis report (if any)
3.HAZOP team
HAZOP analysis is a teamwork activity. Each member of the team is carefully selected and has a clear role. The team is as capable as possible on the premise that sufficient personnel including relevant technical, operational skills and experience are ensured. Generally 4~7 people, the bigger the team, the slower the action.
HAZOP chairman (or group leader): has no close contact with the design team and the project, has rich experience in HAZOP analysis activities and has undergone rigorous training to realize the communication between the project management and the analysis team, and make analysis Plan to ensure that sufficient design description and information are provided to the analysis team, suggest the guiding words used in the analysis, and explain the guiding words-elements/characteristics; guide the analysis to ensure that the analysis results are effectively archived.
Recorder: Record the meeting process, record all the identified hazards, problems, suggestions, and follow-up actions. Assist the team leader to make plans and participate in management.
Process designer: Responsible for explaining the design intent, explaining how each defined deviation occurs and responding to the system.
User: Responsible for explaining the operating parameters of the analysis elements, the consequences of possible deviations, and the degree of danger of deviations.
4.The HAZOP analysis study would involve the following processes:
• Establishing  a“design intent” for the process, including the desired and/or safe ranges for each operating parameters.
• Using guidance words (no, less, more, reverse, etc.) for each process parameters (temperature, pressure, flow, level, etc.)to identify deviations from the design intent.
• Determining if the control system and emergency system are adequate and are sufficiently reliable to prevent each deviation - in the form of initiation events and favorableconditions - from escalating into adverse process events.
• Estimating the severity of the consequences of each unexpectedevent, taking into account mitigation safeguards and conditional factors. Consequences can be further evaluated by using our expertise to model or specialist software such as PHAST® and Effects®.
• Estimating theprobability of each accident.
• Utilizing a risk matrix to determine the relative risk ofunexpected events.
• Comparing occurrence risk ofeach event withthe company's process risk guidelines.
• Determining the number and types of safeguards and/or process improvements needed to reduce the risk to tolerable levels.
5.What are the requirements for hazard and operability studies in China?
The state has successively issued a series of documents that require HAZOP analysis of new projects and in-service installations, such as the State Administration of Work Safety, Safety Supervision Director III [2013] No. 76 "Notice on Further Strengthening the Safety Design Management of Hazardous Chemical Construction Projects", "Construction projects involving "two key points and one major" and the first industrial design must carry out HAZOP analysis during the basic design stage".Safety Supervision General Administration III [2013] No.88 "Guiding Opinions of the State Administration of Work Safety on Strengthening the Safety Management of Chemical Processes", "HAZOP technology shall be used for production and storage devices involving the key supervision of hazardous chemicals, the key supervision of hazardous chemical processes and the major hazardous sources of hazardous chemicals, and risk identification analysis is generally carried out every 3 years.For other production storage devices, according to the different complexity of the device, select safety checklist, work hazard analysis, pre-hazard analysis,failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA), HAZOP technology and other methods or a combination of multiple methods, risk identification analysis can be carried out every 5 years."
HAZOP Report——Analysing Management Process
Management by Stages
Initiation Stage

Work Scope

Report Preparation Requirements

Responsibilities of Each Party

Analysis Team Building

Preparation Stage

Project Time Estimation

Work Schedule

Drawings Preparation

Meeting Convening/Administrative Preparaiton (Meeting Room, etc.)

Meeting Stage

Team Meeting

HAZOP (Hazard Identification and Suggestions)

Meeting Minutes

Report Preparation and Distribution

Report Drafting

Report Review

Report Distribution

Proposals Follow-up and Implementation

Action Plans

Proposals Completion Follow-up

Recording of Project Completion